Special Devotions

donate Books CDs HOME updates search contact

Ceremonies of Holy Week


























































Good Friday

Good Friday is the most solemn day of the liturgical year. Our Lord has already suffered the Agony in the Garden and has been apprehended by the servants of the chief priests. Now it is time for Him to suffer further, bearing insults and mockery before being handed over to the secular authority of the Roman government.

Before the governor Our Lord stands, giving testimony to the Truth, but Pilate, ever anxious about his position and the trouble caused by the Jews, delivers Christ to be tortured and executed. Our Lord is nailed to the Cross and, after hours of agony, He dies.

Thus mankind is deprived of its Savior and the world is darkened.

*

The following guide for Good Friday is taken from The Liturgical Year by Dom Prosper Guéranger.

Hyperlinks are shown in blue to provide the music that ideally accompanies the ceremonies.


burbtn.gif - 43 Bytes


Tenebrae

The Pater Noster, Ave, and Credo, in secret. From this time the bells of the Church are not rung until Holy Saturday.

First Nocturn

An Antiphon is sung before and after each of the Psalms. After each Psalm one of the fifteen candles is extinguished. The Psalms for Good Friday are said in the following order:

Ant. Adstiterunt reges...
1st Psalm: Psalm 2
Ant. Adstiterunt reges...

Ant. Diviserunt sibi...
2nd Psalm: Psalm 21
Ant. Diviserunt sibi...

Ant. Insurrexerunt in me...
3rd psalm: Psalm 26
Ant. Insurrexerunt in me...
Versicle symbol. Diviserunt sibi...
Response symbol. Et super vestem...

Here the Pater Noster is said in secret.

First Lesson
Heth.
Teth.
Jod.
Caph.
Response symbol. Omnes amici mei...
Et terribilibus...
Versicle symbol. Inter iniquos...
Et terribilitus...

Second Lesson
Lamed
Mem
Nun.
Samech.
Response symbol. Velum templi scissum...
Versicle symbol. Petrae scissae eunt...

Third Lesson
Aleph.
Aleph.
Aleph.
Beth.
Beth.
Beth.
Ghimel.
Ghimel.
Ghimel.
Response symbol. Vinea mea...
Versicle symbol. Sepivi te...
Quomodo conversa...
Response symbol. Vinea mea...

Second Nocturn

Ant. Vim faciebant...
4th Psalm: Psalm 37
Ant. Vim faciebant...

Ant. Confundantur et...
5th psalm: Psalm 39
Ant. Confundantur et...

Ant. Alieni insurrexerunt
6th Psalm: Psalm 53
Ant. Alieni insurrexerunt
Versicle symbol. Insurrexerunt in me..
Response symbol. Et mentita est...

Here is said the Pater Noster in secret.

Fourth Lesson
Ex tracatu Sancti Augustini...
Response symbol. Tamquam ad Latronem
Quotidie apud vos...
Versicle symbol. Cumque injecissent manus...
Quotidie apud vos...

Fifth Lesson
Response symbol. Tenebrae Factae Sunt
Versicle symbol. Exclamans Jesus...
Et inclinato capite...

Sixth Lesson
Response symbol. Animam Meam Dilectam
Versicle symbol. Insurrexerunt in me...
Quia non est...
Response symbol. Animam Meam Dilectam

The Third Nocturn

Ant. Ab insurgentibus...
7th Psalm: Psalm 58
Ant. Ab insurgentibus...

Ant. Longe fecisti...
8th Psalm: Psalm 87
Ant. Longe fecisti...

Ant. Captabunt in...
9th Psalm: Psalm 93
Ant. Captabunt in...
Versicle symbol. Locuti sunt adversum...
Response symbol. Etsermonibus odii...

Here the Pater Noster is said in secret.

Seventh Lesson
De Epistola Beati Pauli Apostoli ad Hebraeos...
Response symbol. Tradiderunt Me

Versicle symbol. Alieni insurrexerunt...
Et sicut gigantes...

Eighth Lesson
Adeamus ergo cum...
Response symbol. Jesum Tradidit Impius
Versicle symbol. Adduxerunt autem...
Petrus autem...

Ninth lesson
Nec quisquam sumit...
Response symbol. Caligaverunt Oculi Mei
Versicle symbol. O vos omnes...
Si est dolor similis...
Response symbol. Caligaverunt Oculi Mei

Lauds

Ant. Proprio Filio suo...
1st Psalm: Miserere
Ant. Proprio Filio suo...

Ant. Anxiatus est...
2nd Psalm: Psalm 142
Ant. Anxiatus est...

Ant. Ait latro ad...
3rd Psalm: Psalm 84
Ant. Ait latro ad...

Ant. Cum conturbata...
Canticle of Habacuc
Ant. Cum conturbata...

Ant. Memento mei...
4th Psalm: Psalm 147
Ant. Memento mei...
Versicle symbol. Collocavit me...
Response symbol. Sicut mortuos saeculi.

Ant. Posuerunt super...
Canticle: Benedictus
Ant. Posuerunt super...
Versicle symbol. Christus factus est...

The Pater Noster is here said in secret. Afterward the Miserere is recited, not sung.

Miserere
Respice, quesumus, Domine...

The Lessons
The following lessons are prophetic passages from the Old Testament and the Passion according to St. John.

Lesson
(Osee, Chap, 6)
Haec dicit Dominus...

Tract
Domini, audivi...
Versicle symbol. In medio duorum...
Versicle symbol. In eo, dum...
Versicle symbol. Deus a Libano...
Versicle symbol. Operuit coelos...

Deacon: Flectamus genua.
Subdeacon: Levate.

Collect
Deus, a quo et Judas...

Lesson
(Exod. Chap. 12)

In diebus illis: Dixit Dominus ad Moysen...

Tract
Eripe me, Domine...
Versicle symbol. Qui cogitaverunt...
Versicle symbol. Acuerunt linguas...
Versicle symbol. Custodi me, Domine...
Versicle symbol. Qui cogitaverunt...
Versicle symbol. Et funes extenderunt...
Versicle symbol. Dixi Domino...
Versicle symbol. Domine, Domine, virtus...
Versicle symbol. Ne tradas me...
Versicle symbol. Caput circuitus eorum...
Versicle symbol. Verumtamen justi...

The Passion
Passio Domini nostri Jesu...
(Ch. 18. and 19)
In illo tempore: Egressus est Jesus...
...Et inclinato capite, tradidit spiritum..

Here a pause is made, as on Palm Sunday. All kneel and, if it is the custom, prostrate themselves and kiss the ground.

Judaei ergo (quoniam Parasceve erat)...

Here the deacon kneels at the foot of the altar and prays in silence.

Post haec autem rogavit...

Prayers
Oremus, dilectissimi nobis...

Oremus.
Deacon: Flectamus genua.
Subdeacon: Levate.

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui gloriam...
Response symbol. Amen.
Oremus et pro beatissimo...

Oremus.
Deacon: Flectamus genua.
Subdeacon: Levate.

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, cujus judicio...
Response symbol. Amen.
Oremus et pro omnibus...

Oremus.
Deacon: Flectamus genua.
Subdeacon: Levate.

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, cujus Spiritu totum...
Response symbol. Amen.

The following prayer had in view the Emperor of the Holy Roman German Empire, and was omitted in countries not subject to Austria.

Oremus et pro Christianissimo imperatore...

Oremus.
Deacon: Flectamus genua.
Subdeacon: Levate.

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, in cujus manu...
Response symbol. Amen.
Oremus et pro catechumenis...

Oremus.
Deacon: Flectamus genua.
Subdeacon: Levate.

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui Ecclesiam...
Response symbol. Amen.
Oremus, dilectissimi nobis...

Oremus.
Deacon: Flectamus genua.
Subdeacon: Levate.

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, moestorum consolatio...
Response symbol. Amen.
Oremus et pro haereticis...

Oremus.
Deacon: Flectamus genua.
Subdeacon: Levate.

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui salvas...
Response symbol. Amen.
Oremus et pro perfidis Judaeis...

At this moment the Church prays for the Jews, but does not invite the faithful to kneel as she does for the other prayers. This is to remember that the Jews kneeled in mockery of Our Lord during His Passion, turning an act of adoration into an act of mockery.

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui etiam Judaicam perfidiam...
Response symbol. Amen.
Oremus et pro paganis...

Oremus.
Deacon: Flectamus genua.
Subdeacon: Levate.

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui non mortem...

The Adoration of the Cross

The celebrant takes off the chasuble, faces the people and receives the Cross from the deacon. The celebrant then unveils the upper part of the arms of the Crucifix, raising it up and singing:

Ecce lignum crucis: in quo salus mundi pependit.

Choir: Venite, adoremus.

The priest unveils the right arm of the Crucifix, singing:

Ecce lignum crucis: in quo salus mundi pependit.

Choir: Venite adoremus.

The priest then moves to the middle of the altar, unveiling the entire Crucifix and singing:

Ecce lignum crucis: in quo salus mundi pependit.

The people kneel while the choir sings: Venite, adoremus.

The 'Improperia' or 'Reproaches'

Popule Meus

Crucem tuam adoramus...
Ps. Deus misereatur
Crucem tuam...

Hymn
Crux Fidelis

Towards the end of the adoration of the Cross the candles are lit, and the deacon spreads a corporal upon the altar, for the Blessed Sacrament to be placed there. When the faithful have finished their adoration, the priest replaces the Cross over the altar.

Mass of the Pre-Sanctified

Here the priest incenses the Sacred Host on the altar that has been preserved since Maundy Thursday. Following this adoration, the priest takes the Holy Offering in his hands. The clergy hold lighted tapers and accompany the priest on a procession where they sing in honor of the Cross.

Hymn
Vexilla Regis Prodeunt

The priest incenses the offerings and the altar.

Incensum istud, a te beneidctum...
Accendat in nobis...
In spiritu humilitatis...
Orate fratres...

Pater Noster...

Libera nos, quaesumus...

Here the priest raises the Body of Christ to be adored by the faithful.

Domine, non sum dignus...
Domine, non sum dignus...
Domine, non sum dignus...

The priest now receives Communion.

Quod ore sumpsismus...

Vespers

Ant. Calicen salutaris...
1st Psalm: Psalm 115
Ant. Calicen salutaris...

Ant. Cum his qui...
2nd Psalm: Psalm 119
Ant. Cum his qui...

Ant. Ab hominibus...
3rd Psalm: Psalm 139
Ant. Ab hominibus...

Ant. Custodi me a...
4th Psalm: Psalm 140
Ant. Custodi me a...

Ant. Considerabam ad deteram...
5th Psalm: Psalm 141
Ant. Considerabam ad deteram...

Ant. Cum accepisset Jesus...
Magnificat
Ant. Cum accepisset Jesus...
Versicle symbol. Christus factus est...

Here the Pater Noster is said in secret, and the Psalm Miserere is recited with a suppressed voice.

Miserere mei, Deus...
Respice, Quaesumus...

The following is said in secret
Qui tecum vivit...


End of Good Friday


burbtn.gif - 43 Bytes


Back to Holy Week Page


Maundy Thursday


Holy Saturday


burbtn.gif - 43 Bytes


Home

























































Special Devotions  |  Religious  |  Home  |  Books  |  CDs  |  Search  |  Contact Us  |  Donate

Tradition in Action
© 2002-   Tradition in Action, Inc.    All Rights Reserved